< the City-ASYL >
This self-help project is a voluntary commitment to offer women, men and possibly children accommodation and support for their specific way of life.
It is not a usual emergency shelter or women's shelter - however, it wants to convey to its inhabitants in the up to six months possible stay mental self-discovery and positive strength for the further life.
Applicants from all walks of life are carefully selected, to learn from each other and grow together in respectful cooperation. For rent plus full board the client has to pay 390 € per month, so 13 € each day&night. This income is used to finance the two half-day salaries of the association management, in addition to the costs of the support programme*.
In order to promote the project publicly, a symbolic annual lease, which can be extended to 5 years, would be a noble and socially meaningful basis. The local community could
also pay half of the electricity costs.
The city-ASYL needs a parking space in addition to the cheerfully motivated team. The task and goal would then be to enable each of the 14 residents to progress independently on a discreet basis of trust during their stay of up to six months.
A foundation-free 120 m² mansard roof with a central common room and a row of private living rooms (a' 7 m²) on both sides is planned as a club building. The kitchen, the dining area and the sanitary facilities are located in front of it - under an equally large pent roof.
The advantages of the planned city-ASYL "hardware" are # mobile lightweight construction. # 100% wooden-ecological material. # simple hand tools are sufficient to erect this rooftop-only building, which is also sufficient to dismantle and reassemble the 1.25 x 2.5 m elastomer-jointed individual modules. # also their best insulating vacuum modules** in the finished OSB standard dimension are practical to handle.
Before a construction site is set up, a survey of the surrounding area and hearings must be conducted to ensure that the project is sufficiently accepted. >> For Vienna I am still looking for a place for the City-ASYL. <<.
The city-ASYL – Building: The foundation-free lightweight construction of the city-ASYL, which can basically be erected at any location, offers a highly cost-effective construction method.
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The city-ASYL - banquet
The 3x communal meals will be provided by donations from various supermarkets, which the residents will pick up themselves daily with carts.
The "banquet" is at fixed times at 8 h, 13 h and 19 h. Every day, a changing team of residents prepares the meals and then "clears the boat".
Guests from out of town can join in if sufficient food is available. Menu, coffee and cake are available for 6,50 €. The preparation, serving and dining takes place under the flying roof. On its three free sides hang reed panels. The food is eaten at marquee sets. On cold days, infrared radiators warm up the food, and in hot weather, fans cool the food.
The encounter of people with their different life stories wants to and can give everyone a new perspective for their own way.
For "leisure time", badminton and various table and group games, a book board, sewing, pottery, language courses, making music, painting, dance, gymnastics and much more are planned. The supervisors offer - according to their talents with their own focus - a colourful daily structure in a constantly changing schedule. Whether it's an excursion, singing, yoga, refresher courses in ABC and 3 x 3 or a basic PC course - there are always encounters and useful things in the program. In this way, all the fears and compulsions we have brought with us are gradually transferred into the healing creative power of hidden talents.
A fenced-in children's play area with a swing, seesaw, sand pit, etc. could be attached to the southern flank. This area may be used - under the responsibility of parental supervision.
Also the house and the food tent should be surrounded by a building fence, raised beds and berry bushes - so that there is only one access (with motion detector).
In cold weather, the 10 by 6 meter middle room of the building, in addition to its devotional use, also offers play and cuddling for parents and their children. Screens form a partition to the rest of the square, which all residents can use on weekdays for their various activities.
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The 4+3 m² private living area
Each of these 16 private rooms has 4 m² of living space measuring 3 m x 1.23 m x 2.5 m room height and a small window to the day room. Above this there is to a 3.5 m² attic room, which is accessible via a attic stair.
In addition to the bed equipment, there is also a wardrobe, table, folding chair, three LED lamps and a digital radio with headphones - as well as a hook-in extra bed for children who may have moved in with them and an adjustable ventilation.
Binge drinking and smoking in the house are not allowed! The deliberately tight support programme does not include inappropriate casual contact with clients, nor does it include the teaching of stiff dogmas that are too religiously colored!
However, a human togetherness at eye level should promote the good and salutary in a denomination-neutral way ***.
The city-ASYL association sees itself as an aid community, meeting and escape for people in crisis from various areas of life - not more!
The residents can keep their sleeping hours around the clock; however, there is a general night's rest from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. The property is then secured with, among other things, an all-night vision recording system. Two toilets in the canopy, washbasin and shower, have their 12V LED permanent lighting.
The shower water is regulated for three minutes, so that there is enough hot water for everyone. There is also a washing machine and refrigerators that can be used by the residents.
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The Workroom / Chapel
Normally, the central 60 m² of the NurDach's roof is used as a work and recreation room.
Daily evening gatherings, for general as well as interdenominational discussions among the residents, are a natural result. The tenor here is - to achieve insights, strength and inner peace in the self.
On Sunday it is also a prepared meeting place of a special kind ****:
As a chapel it offers a low-threshold access to devotion and communion - also to the wider environment. Until a deacon can be found - in an alternative approach among lay people - communion is practised with a current reading and in the usual liturgy.
Instead of the songbooks, the respective praise is projected onto the wall by a mini beamer. No offering money is collected.
Participation - as with all the other offers - is always voluntary.
It is precisely when we feel burned out inside that our desire for his unobtrusive and cheerful silence, for his tender presence - is most perceptible. There we are ready to open ourselves - to experience his encounter and also the encounter with others. Those who feel attracted to the Stadt-ASYL programme should also be prepared to participate in active involvement, despite the rather uncomfortable camp situation. Because in difficult times we ask - full of doubt, longing and the search for hope - for God in a special way!
Of course, Muslim residents, as lay people, for example, can also hold their own celebrations.
This multi-purpose building also carries neither a tower nor a bell, nor does it have candles anywhere. Instead of watching television, we explore more the surroundings in woods and fields or bathing in a natural pond on a bicycle tour. It also has an aquarium, songbirds and a domestic cat.
Outside of the mass the beamer projects meditative images in alternating sequence.
In the 6 x 1.5m porch in front of the chapel are the entrances to the office and storage room.
In the event of an alarm, dozens of smoke detectors ensure that the occupants are trained in how to rescue themselves.
Two 720 litre hot water tanks are centrally located in the porch - they are connected to two solar thermal tube collectors on the south roof. This space is also used by e-PV module for 12V consumers.
(The students of the HTL-Mödling Holzbau master class could possibly carry out the prefabrication and finishing of the 98 elements of the city-ASYL Prototyp-building - with the provision of the material and my assistance.)
If your company has the concept
eligible for funding, and you can support it with
or financial donations - would
we are pleased - your company logo with
further supporter logos into the
to integrate the coming web presence.
The combination of spiritual and bodily panels is likely to be
the city-ASYL project among the needy of our cities - little by little - and find lively resonance.
* These reserves also form a self-insurance to be saved for possible breakdowns and damages. Up to 7 of the 14 rooms are reserved for women with child(ren). So there is a monthly income of about 7.000.- €.
** How are this Modules are to produce?
The module frames support tempered glass, sheed or preferred here, OSB panels on both sides.
On the outside of the certified flame-retardant OSB's of Kronoply-SF-B panels (standard dimensions 2.5x1.25 m), 20 my thick aluminium foil is applied with zapon varnish.
Between the panels are squared timber uprights arranged in rows, with maximum dryness. The uprights are glued together along two blunt edges. Their two sharp edges, on the other hand, lie against the two OSBs. This minimal contact between the longitudinal edges means that no significant thermal transfer occurs. Only the module joints have insulating strips that are visible on the outside.
The module frame is made of 16 mm thick plywood with interlocking at its four corners. The OSB's are each framed by the frame rebate running all the way round and elastomerically bonded to it. This produces sandwich elements that are approximately 9 cm thick, capable of bearing loads and highly insulating under vacuum. Each weighs approx. 60 kg and can be readjusted after long-term diffusion. Thanks to vacuum and the Kronoply panels, these modules are highly fire-resistant. They are also soundproof, earthquake-proof and never get damp.
The result is permanently gas-tight sandwich elements. They are delivered from the factory with half vacuum.
Cables and other installations must be laid in separate shafts.
After the construction work has been completed, a rotary vane pump is used to create an atmospheric height-dependent negative pressure of about 95% in each module field. The suction valves are located on the living space side and allow for readjustment of the air diffusion that will occur over the years.
Squared timber uprights
They are delivered from the factory with half negative pressure.
Cables and other installations must be laid in separate shafts.
After construction, a rotary vane pump is used to create an atmospheric height-dependent vacuum of about 95 % in each module field. The suction valves are located on the living space side and allow for readjustment of the air diffusion that will occur over the years.
The load-bearing partition walls also 18 Kronoply-OSB SF-Bs. They receive a T-support (made of 7 cm wide, glued and screwed plywood strip) on their upper edge. These strips are the support interface for two vacuum modules each.
In the course of the roof construction (using silicone joints), a simple reed mat and a greenhouse foil is applied to the roof slope. This results in an 60 % anti-reflective and optically interesting roof surface. The vertically aligned reed stalks provide thermal ventilation underneath the film, which is open for this type of air circulation at both the upper and lower edges. Or: The OSBs have 20 my aluminium foils glued to their visible surfaces with Zapon varnish (which can be painted in the desired colour).
Under the roof, a wallpaper is stuck onto the aluminum foil.
Reed mats covered with greenhouse foil are placed on the wooden support frame of the shed roof (south of the building). The narrow mats hanging down at the edge roll up individually (all of them in case of a storm) when the wind blows, controlled by sensors. The mats are protected with EverWood-waterglass to prevent fire and weathering. This visual protection is further enhanced by colorful dispersions, which give the mats a pleasing decor.
This PureRoof measures 12 x 10 metres and is 7.2 metres high at the gable. It rests on a 25 mm underlaid OSB floor panel which carries a 3mm Ercole layer as floor covering. Together with fence and hedge, about 350 m² of land is required. With the full city ASYL equipment, the project costs > 40,000 euros. - More about the technical background of each type of vacuum wall can be found on my website www.tubewaysolar.at.
If the facade surfaces are covered with PV-foil, this results in a completely energy self-sufficient building, whose excess electricity can also serve the charging station for e-mobility!
A corresponding number of transparent acrylic spacers are inserted between window panes or full-surface glass elements, distributed over their surface. These surfaces can also be readjusted via valves. An excess of UV radiation could be reflected by UV/IR foils; or sun blinds placed outside regulate the desired temperature by auto-sensors.
With a solar-thermally supported heat pump heating system and fresh air via heat exchanger, an economical indoor climate is ensured all year round.
>> All in all, sustainable building and living is possible! <<
What does one m² of vacuum wall cost approximately?
2 m² Kronoply-OSB, 12 mm 46,- €
2 m² aluminium foil 2,- €
17 lm squared timber + 2 lm plywood + elastomer ~ 30,- €.
Working time of prefabrication per m² ~ 22,- €
- " - at the building site in about 20.
= in total about 120,- €
This estimate is based on series production, excluding pricing at the expected profit.
*** The most essential, valid house rules would be: # ... to respect each other # ... be there for each other as a small family and stick together. # ... to help shape the daily structure and group activities as much as possible. # ... and so on.
**** The altar area is, in my imagination, brightly lit and shines in simple beauty. Upholstered chairs offer space for tired souls - and the festive atmosphere encourages to stay. For example, the oval altar plate would be made of white, roughly hewn marble, resting on an old olive tree stump. In east-west direction, one rose window each is visible at a height of 4 metres.
The 60 m² room area has a cheerful, colourful covering and the OSB walls are three metres high and white with a delicate decoration. The light blue sub-roof is decorated with golden stars. Rising up at 1.25-metre intervals are Gibel-forming OSB ribs whose cut edges bear brass trim.
If you are interested to participate, please contact me:
email@example.com or 01 9195724
These city-ASYL club buildings with a similar social concept could be used in several find imitations in other cities.
The approach would also be a quick and cheap solution for migration and reconstruction after disaster and war damage and should experience worldwide implementations e.g. in the area of the UNHCR .
On the way to light leave no one behind! (Peter Rosegger)
At www.vimeo.con/293395008 you can find my 3-D animation of the planned city-ASYL building. Another alternative vacuum wall construction can be seen on my website www.tubewaysolar.at.
The total interior space covers 120 m².
63 m² are added as floor space, divided between the 18 units.
The central day room measures 60 m².
Each of the 16 residents has 7 m² of space all to themselves.
Two rooms a' seven m² are reserved for the office (or night-time on-call room) and vis-a-vis the warehouse
- this makes 18 equal units.
Preliminary SHEET OF MATERIALS AND COSTS
425m² 22mm OSB SF-B for floor/wall + black construction foil 4.000.- Euro
200lm floor underlay, rough sawn, 5x20cm 800.-
800m² 12mm Kronoply for roof 11.000.-
380lm 5x5cm + 350lm 2x2cm for sandwich panel construction 560.-
600 lm roof battens 300.-
460m² aluminium foil, 3m² ESG insulating glass panes 430.-
380m² reed mat, 380m² tunnel foil 1.000.-
16/ Attic stairs 1.400.-
beamer, LEDs, DAB+ and other electronics 1.800.-
18 pcs. door locks 220.-
4/beer tent sets - tables 70cm wide 380.-
15 stacking chairs + upholstery 130.-
25/ Air guest beds with double bedding 1.500.-
Office - laptop, copier + mobile phone 600.-
1/ Washing machine + 3/ Refrigerators, sewing machine 2,300.-
2 WC + shower, sewage access, lightning rod + fire podection 2.550.-
kitchen equipment + crockery + stove 2.200.-
tube collector + solar tank compl. 2.600.-
PV system for 12V consumer e.g. Led lighting 1.100.-
4/Headscreen infrared panel, 8/ mini-eco-Heater 2.300.-
Children's play tower with 2 swings and slide + sand 720.-
Bicycles, handcart, bandages, ironing machine 1.200.-
23 pcs. site fence 3,5x2m, with base 1.200.-
100 pcs. berry shakers 1.100.-
4 pcs. raised bed a' 57.- 230.-
= in total approx. 41.640.- €
The goods come mainly from e.g. do-it-yourself stores, which then also
main donors should appear.
Copyright 2020 Michael Thalhammer, Vienna on 13.7.2020
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Construction technology for migration needs and reconstruction
The consequences of war, flight and expulsion are increasing worldwide. Many cities are uninhabitable and legions of people have no or only poor living space.
Also, the common containers are not a good accommodation for people, neither in heat nor cold; they are also bulky and heavy.
In my approach, stackable, lightweight vacuum wall modules form a mobile and often usable variant. They are made of wood, aluminium foil, coarse chipboard, reed mats and construction foil and can be delivered prefabricated and stacked anywhere. By means of silicone joints, these modules can be assembled by 2-3 persons to form buildings of any size for various uses.
Whether as a school, hospital, shop or flat - this construction method can also find its cost-effective application in multi-storey buildings. The following is just one of many possible examples. It is a multi-purpose building with variable room division and requires only simple hand tools.
A 120 m² mansard roof without foundations, with a central common room, is planned as accommodation. On both sides a number of private living rooms would be planned. The kitchen, the dining area and the sanitary facilities would be located in front of it - under an equally large shed roof.
Two 720-litre hot water tanks are located in the porch - they have connections to two solar thermal tube collectors on the south roof. This space is also used by the PV modules for the electrical supply of the 12V direct current consumers.
The vacuum wall modules framed here in 12 mm plywood are constructed as follows: Two 12 mm certified flame-retardant Kronoply SF-B panels (standard dimensions 2.5x1.25 m) are painted on the outside with MIPA Zapon lacquer and immediately wallpapered with heat rays reflecting 20 my aluminium foil. One of the two >non-gas-tight panels< is glued in the fold of the module frame with the appropriate sealing compound.
Then, well-dried 5 x 5 cm square timbers (in storey buildings correspondingly thicker and closer together) are inserted into the plywood frame at a parallel distance of 30 cm in such a way that they are only in diagonal longitudinal edge contact with the panels and do not form thermal bridges. For further distribution of external pressure, the 30 cm parallel spacing is added by means of two spacer 2476 x 70 x 4 mm thick plywood strips, divided into three lengthways. Their longitudinal edges were previously conically reduced from 4 to 2 mm - also to reduce thermal conductivity.
A thermal residual air circulation in these 10 cm wide cavities is prevented with loosely crumpled newsprint.
Now the second cover plate is also hermetically sealed to the frame. Finally, most of the air is evacuated from the living area-side Modul-OSB by a bicycle valve inserted upside down, using a hand or rotary vane pump.
In this way, sandwich elements are created that are approximately 9 cm thick, can bear loads and are highly insulating under vacuum. Each of them weighs approx. 60 kg and can be readjusted after long-term diffusion. Due to vacuum and the Kronoply panels, the modules are fire-resistant. They are also soundproof, earthquake-proof and never get damp.
A Module-module connection: A 1, silicone seal, A 2, spacer bars. A 3, Kronoply OSB. A 4, square standing beam - thickness according to static requirements. A 5, 20 my aluminium foil glued with zapon. A 6, spacer bars.
B Floor connection: B 1, silicone seal. B 2, spacer bars. B 3, Kronoply OSB.
The supporting partition walls are 18 Kronoply SF-B. A T-support (made of 7 cm wide, glued and screwed plywood battens) is attached to their upper edge. These strips are the support interface for two vacuum modules each.
In the course of the roof construction (by means of silicone joints) a reed mat is applied to the pitch of the roof and a greenhouse film is applied over it. This results in an 80 % anti-reflective and optically interesting view of the roof surface. The vertically aligned reed stalks provide thermal ventilation underneath the film, which is open for this kind of air circulation in the upper and lower edges.
Under the roof, the aluminium foil can be coloured or wallpapered as desired.
Reed mats covered with greenhouse foil are placed on the wooden support frame of the pent roof (south of the building). The narrow mats hanging down at the edges roll up individually (all of them in case of a storm) when the wind blows, controlled by sensors. The mats are protected with Everwood water glass to prevent fire and weathering. This visual protection is further enhanced by colourful dispersions, which give the mats a pleasing decor.
The NurDach measures 12 x 10 metres and is 7.2 metres high in the gable. It rests on a 25 mm underlaid OSB floor panel which carries a 3 mm Ercole layer as floor covering.
Including the sanitary equipment, the project would cost about 20.000 € in EU price.
Together with a children's play area, fence and hedge, about 350 m² of land is needed.
More about the technical background of each type of vacuum wall can be found on my website www.tubewaysolar.at.
The meeting of people with their different life stories wants to and can give everyone a new perspective for their own way.
For "free time", badminton, table tennis, a book board, sewing, pottery, language courses, making music, painting, dance, gymnastics, etc. are offered. The supervisors offer a colourful daily structure. Whether it's an excursion, singing, meditation or a basic PC course - there are always encounters and useful things in the programme. In a playful way, all the fears and compulsions brought along are gradually transferred into the healing creative power of hidden talents.
The most important, valid house rules would be: # ... to respect each other. # ... be there for each other as a small family and stick together. # ... to help shape the daily structure and group activities as much as possible. # ... among other things.
In this example the central 60 m² of the NurDach's roof serve as a work and recreation room. There, small products can be produced or various services can be offered in cooperation. The daily coming together for general as well as interdenominational discussions among the residents is a natural result. The tenor here is - to reach insights, strength and inner peace in the self.
These approaches should also be considered for further implementation before UNHCR, FAO and UNIDO.
© Michael Thalhammer, Vienna, November 2020
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