Development study of a pneumatic path-guided transportation system
Michael Thalhammer www.tubewaysolar.at Vienna, October 2016
Table of contents
TubeWay – a short introduction
Part 1: Technical description – functional principles
Part 2: Business aspects
Market – Competitors – Strategy
Comparison with the current state of technology
Immplementation – Economic viability – Investment
Influences/ Positive side effects
Ecological aspects/ Urgency
TubeWay – a short introduction
Due to the impending worldwide energy-crisis the request for alternative means of transportation is growing. Efficiency and sustainability are necessary to deal with the ascending demand for energy and TubeWay delivers a new technical approach to solving this problem.
TubeWay is an all-purpose mid- and wide range transport system and is designed to be easily connected to our current transport network.
Ecological preservation, power efficiency and security were the main issues in the development of this system. Appealing transparent glass-tubes – built as elevated tracks – constitute the basis of a network which offers relaxed transportation for all travelers, leading them safely to their selected destination. TubeWay glides with low abrasion and requires little maintenance; and the recycled glass for the durable light weight tubes can be obtained at a very low price.
TubeWay is fully compatible with current haulage services and can be used for either public or private transport. It carries people as well as goods through five different tempo-lines and produces no noise or CO². Furthermore, this new system is completely accident-free. TubeWay works without a fuel motor and is not limited by gear-, air- or tire-resistance; as the physical basis is a highly effective combination of gliding and floating. In the planning-phase it turned out that the removal of the common four wheels is advantageous in terms of both power efficiency and internal weight parameters.
Similar to the railroad engine TubeWay (short TW) features front pressure engines, which are disturbed all over the tube network and are energized with solar energy. Their concentrated force fulfill the optimal requirements for transport making it disturbance-free, quiet and independent of weather conditions.
All of the required energy is produced by photovoltaic modules mounted onto a large area on the surface of the tubes.
The surplus of the collected power is used to maintain the operation of TubeWay during the night. Only the pressure engines are equipped with a wheel drive and create a slight difference in suction and pressure, which is enough to carry all cabins and capsules in the network.
We have developed TubeWay according to the concept of tube mail, which has been tried and tested for 150 years. A pneumatic dispatch system as well as an innovative inner drive, both of which guarantee a low risk of turbulence, introduce a new approach to the old concept. The reliability of the overall system could be as high as in air traffic.
TubeWay stands out its functional design and inherent economic efficiency. The navigation is executed by a central control system, which handles all of the cabins and capsules at the same time. Due to the size of the tubes, even transporting cars would be possible; and as the computer-controlled navigation centre accurately coordinates movement, 100% punctuality is ensured.
As next you will find the descriptions of the -TW-Inter-City- (TW-IC), followed by the -TW-Sit-in-surf- and the -TW-Supply-network-. The solar collection of energy and the centre-based logistic is basically the same for all three of them, only their dimensions and functions are different.
A team of industrial, high finance and EU specialists could develop a fruitful cooperation to implement this project step by step.
Technical description – functional principles
For the continuous transport of ultra-light-weight gliding-units (here the TubeWay-Inter City), we use ...
a small difference of pressure inside the suction pipe – suction in front of the cabins and pressurised air behind them.
Our tracks consist of sandwich-tube-modules with an inner diameter of 2.5 m*, made out of robust hard glass. These pipe modules are joined together by sliding sleeves as well as O-ring seals and are supported by vibration-free roadway pillars and the latest tension cable technology. Basically, the TW-IC was designed to run on two paths in reverse directions, held together with flexible spacers. This would make it possible to lead bit tracks either side by side or on top of each other.
The supporting cables, pillars and the connected light weight tube modules guarantee the required traffic safety.
The construction, based on bridge building statics, carries a two direction twin tube, the movable gliding units and a media-cord which is on average 7 m above ground. In the city area is should be about 25 meters crossing height. With a pillar every 45 m, the load per pillar will have a track weight of 35 t plus up to 25 t consisting of the weight of the gliding units and their payload. The low weight of the construction allows placing the pillars at larger distances.
The moving units (cabins and capsules) are maneuvered to pre-programmed destinations, propelled by permanent suction/ compression air streams inside the tube.
These units, designed for up to a total weight of 15 t, glide over a 1.2 m wide, mirror-polished and silicone-padded stainless steel drainpipe.
The soles of the units carry drop sharpet scales of slippery, indestructible Teflon **. The scales form a certain number of weight-spreading individual sliding surfaces.
To improve the gliding, a compressor presses air out of a small opening in every hand-held shield in order to lift up the unit.
The compressor*** is implemented in every moving unit, covered by a soundproof low-pressure case. In addition, a thinly applied film of a special nano-sealing ensures an additional special sliding, over years effectiv, on the mirror-gapped channel.
In this state of “micro-floating”, the coefficient of kinetic friction is in the range of 0,01, which is extremely low.
The hrust is delivered by mobile propulsion capsules, which function as pneumatic drives at intervals of 3 to 9 km.
Moving on four lateral and obliquely wheels (Kevlar-supported covering) the capsules transfer speed and power to all units. The transmission can be regarded as direct due to one consistent propulsion force being applied to all gliding units. These flexible, 3-meter long electric locomotives**** work in a logistical manner. By using turn-loops, they are able to move between the two lanes or manoeuvre themselves into standby-loops.
* The inner diameter is only rough suggestion, as 2.5m are appropriate for the average goods that could be transported with TubeWay. Bigger or heavier items would have to be transported with the common means of transportation. - Train- and other transportation companies.
** Teflon (PTFE - Polytetraflourethylen) is – being the most inert plastic – plane, eel smooth, heat-resistant and compression-proof. When used as a gliding shield, the Teflon covering can be applied againTetrapoly and again – Although there is already very little abrasion because of the low friction when using pneumatic technology.
*** In order to glide, 13 tons require more air under the sole; Therefore, the long heavy cargo capsules are equipped with correspondingly stronger compressors.
**** With the locomotive I think at the same time of the performance of a heart muscle, the blood, by suction and pressure more than 100.000 kilometers in every body region pumps !
Speed changes are conducted very smoothly and take place as follows:
The electric locomotives are adjusted to one of the five gears by means of a sensor circuit. Depending on the tempo and whether more or less space is required between the units, the deceleration curve is used to direct the surplus air to the acceleration side vis-a-vis.
The combined power of all capsules is advantageous for all units in the network, as they produce the continuous momentum of the independent gliding masses. This dynamic of suction and pressure pushes up to 45 units per drive module. It also helps to calm the gliding process in the whole “non-stop” system.
The TW-drive mode allows traffic to flow harmoniously "like water in a hose".
To optimize the drive impelled by the airflow, a brush-shaped sealing is applied to the surface of the cabins. This multi-chamber-sealing produces hermetically sealed air rolls and stops the air from blowing out. However, in order to prevent a first penetration of suction or pressure forces, an enlarged soft lip seal is pre-set at the front and back plate circulation. The drive modules are equipped with this sealing as well, covering both ends of the capsule. The hermetic efficiency is essential for the final performance of the system and should therefore have first priority in the development.
All bigger cabins feature flexible floor segment detachers every 2,2 meters, allowing the cabins to adjust to bends. The gliders made of 1.5mm plane aluminum weigh about 300 to 2500kg, depending on length (3-22m).
Long cabins designed for public transport contain about 80 comfortable seats and 30 additional standing spaces. These cabins offer comfortable seats in centrically divided rows of four like in a coach. Spaces for baby carriages and wheelchairs are located near the exit; this is also where these passengers are allowed to board. Furthermore, up to eighteen people can be accommodated in the middle aisle. Through the side windows one could have a panoramic view of the mountains, whereas the interior could be optimally made from natural lightweight materials.
The internal electrical supply is received by means of a contact brush from a flat conductor in the tube sole. An air conditioner controls the inner temperature as well as the supply of fresh air.
The filtered cabin air flows through the driver units from the rear to the front at a normal pressure.
Every public station is added to the dynamic main current as a bypass. Two elevators (most probably situated at a traffic junction or a subway station) transport the passengers from and to the entry area. The separation of entry and exit produces a rotary stream of passengers. The times for the elevators and the cabins are exactly coordinated, with a camera system closing the doors automatically when leaving.
For the starting acceleration, hydraulic thrust devices are used directly in the separated station tubes. The energy for the pushing support in the area of the station is created by he arriving cabins which glide over several flywheel dynamos. Soft rubber wheels on the deepest point cater for the needed energy for the start in advance.
A mechanical lever enables the cabins to arrive into the parallel-separated station tube: the energy for the first batch in the station area comes from the back-fed braking energy of the incoming units; They transmit this force to ground-mounted flywheel dynamos. These friction wheels located at the sole point thus generate 70% of the startup power demand.
Immediately after the station lock, the gliding unit is logistically put in line with the others at about 40 km/h. From this point on, each cabin is logistically controlled by the main current. The starting moment, weight and distance between the units is calculated for each new usage; which also stops overloaded units from entering.
Distribution locks are placed in front and behind every station, as well as at retrieval areas and junctions. These locks work as two-winged sliding doors. Every branching starts with a lock at each side. Upon the arrival of a cabin, one of the locks is automatically closed, depending on the designed direction. The required air is delivered by a filter-equipped air inlet, installed at the beginning of each new track. In the retrieval areas, the “zipper principle” comes into effect.
In bends, the mass follows its unobstructed impetus. In order to compensate the difference in length and weight of the cabins, the tube has to the broader (more tolerant) in these areas. Hence, the barycentre is always evenly balanced and therefore driving through bends at a constant speed is hardly noticeable. This also ensures the safe transport of potential goods.
The relation of pressure and sub-pressure at the respective speed always remains synchronised, which makes wide-range transport in such a big dimension possible. Ideal systematic traffic consists of 5 to 30 units per kilometre of route.
And now to the technically reasonable PV-foils:
By covering the pipe-track with “in-light-active-surfaces” we are able to generate power throughout the year. On tracks running from North to South, the movable PV-foil will follow the sun from East to West. At present, E.g. Alwitra - Evalon solar cSi ®, Heliatek ®, Hanergy ® and Nanosolar - CIGS cells ® * boast a good performance as they are cheap, efficient, easy to cut and adhesive as well as sustainable in production.
Even in diffuse light they provide enough solar power for generations to come.
During nights or periods o longer overclouding, we reclaim the over-produced power from the rest of the day. And on hotter days, the PV-foils deliver shade to the tubes, helping to cool down the temperature. Every three years, the PV-cells as well as the tubes are covered in a self-cleaning lotus effect Nano-film.
This film (plus the reflection on the dark PV-surface) causes ice and snow to slip off already in the early morning hours. It will only be possible to find out, how many near-current current collectors can be supplied.
TubeWay sandwich-tube-modules** are created using a “dropping viscous melting process” in a (shape-forming) recycle-glass furnace. The chemically hardened double-well glass castings contain horizontal bars for further stabilisation. A third glass coating functions as laminated safety glass. The hardness of this high-tech material shows a static stability that is even higher than the ones for steel or concrete***. Any recycling glass would be more than sufficient for the construction of TubeWay.
* CIGS =”Copper indium gallium (di-) selenite”, a semiconductor useful for the manufacture of solar cells. They use the broad light spectrum even in our temperature zone and show almost the same outcome as silicum cells. Their advantage is long durability and a reasonable price, which is tenth of the price of other common solar panels. The PV-technique today can already keep up with energy produced by fossil fuels, and the sun shines for free!
** Especially interesting is an imprinted micro-structure (similar to sharkskin) at the surface of the inner tubes. It has a positive effect on the laminar stall and therefore saves a lot of energy.
*** The magazine GEO 6/03 offer an extensive account of new glass applications which nowadays can be found in a variety of modern architecture. Tests shows that durability and hardness of such new materials are far beyond our common perception of glass.
To the Physicalic:
For a valutaionof the energy demand it is necessary to calculate 1.) the energy needed for creating the air current, and 2.) the power requirement per cabin. It could be evaluated by multiplying the cross-section area, the speed and the needed pressure.
Per glider it is a value between the Hagen-Poiseuille equation and Reynolds number.
If our cabins´ front lid with a size of 3.2m2 is exposed to a pressure of about a part of the atmosphere (=0.1 kp/cm² or a hydrostatic head of 10cm height), the cabin is pushed with a force of 3200 kp in the direction of the airflow; this would suffice to accelerate a weight of 3t to the speed of 75km/h in only 5 seconds!
Considering the rising energy prices and the amortisation of our system, we regard the implementation of a solar-based powering system more than just sustainable.
This system does not need a heavy chassis and runs without air resistance, which usually grows with higher tempos. TWs use air in a positive way: it´s their driving force!
The used material is exposed to minimal forces, thus the system as a whole is highly hard wearing.
With recycled glass as material basis and the solid manufacturing process, the resistant TW-tracks are absolutely cost-efficient.
Our “quick air-tube” is neatly balanced and operates with a differential pressure of 0.4 bar.
As energy prices are generally not dropping and economic as well as ecological investments should pay off in the medium term, this solar-technical change is worthwhile.
The hermetic system is spared the exertion of force normally required for uphill ascents
by the subsequent unbraked downward sliding of the same loads!
The forces normally needed for driving upwards in our system are provided by the pneumatics that let the loads glide downwards on the other side. Without difficulty, TubeWay deals with heights, rivers or valleys and naturally never needs snow chains. In addition, there is almost no need to build tunnels through mountains.
TW systems would not only serve as a complement to existing traffic, but they would also be able to gradually replace it.
Operation safety to TubeWay
As the -Moving-Net- of the future, TubeWay is to be directed and supervised with care. With a new high standard for safe transport operation it uses modern data transfer such as digital radio transmission and fibre optics. Highly qualified personnel will be in charge of all areas and structures.
All system functions are to be supervised by the staff and are moreover secured by emergency generators and computers controlling each other. Only passangers with a personal, active boarding card can enter the network and travel to their selected destinations. Every cabin is equipped with a direct intercom and an automatic fire-extinguisher.
The tube tunnels are protected against any entering apart from loading and unloading. Passenger operation is only possible during the daytime and is left to the freight traffic at night.
As a further safety measure, the track tubes are equipped with sensors for the detection of pressure anomalies. Long-range tracks are secured with solid pillar-foundations and also feature sound- and motion sensors, closed circuit televisions plus potential night-vision systems at particular points.
The safety programs are working under constant supervision. Any slowing down within a section is initiated by the regional safety central, using local by-passes. This way, humans remain the final decision-making unit in the system.
In the event of an unexpected halt in a specific section, the regional central will commence a locally limited detour and will directly give instructions.. Rescue- and/or repairing teams are directly instructed, equipped properly and sent to the scene of action. Emergency exits will be available at the front and rear end of the cabins as well as at every track pillar.
A possible deceleration of a section is initiated in the affected regional center by local delimitations.
In case of such an unwanted stop, a detouring algorithm will guide other cabins in the section around the obstacle (by using turn- or parking-loops), whereas units ahead of a handicap-zone are pneumatically returned to the next station. The transport system as a whole remains functional.
The specifications of the TW technology do not allow tailgating. Ultimately, a strongly compressed air cushion would reach a damped braking distance via the sliding capsules' outer seals. The units, as well as individual electric locomotives, can be decelerated by the central station. Even in case of floods, gales or earthquakes, the TubeWay system offers the operating range a favorable safety margin as its movable socket joints allow a certain oscillation.
TubeWay track pillars built next to the ground traffic must be able to resit heavily collisions and should therefore be made of ferroconcrete. That way, even highway overpasses can be constructed.
The feasibility of a TW expansion for under-, up- and over a waterline I can here not judge.
Of course, all TW-components are replaced in appropriate periods of time. The reliability of the overall system could be as high as in air traffic safety.
For quick booking, each station is equipped with touch screen terminals, at which the passenger enters his or her destination and confirms the transaction with the TubeWay-Card. At the exit station the covered distance is reconfirmed again with the card. Several detailed questions are not mentioned here.
TubeWay gliding capsules can be chatered for freight transportation either per telephone, fax or internet. The costs are calculated per kilometre and weight of the transport. In case solar energy is not available, it´s easily possible to use the regular night-current for a slightly higher price. Freight transports, on the other hand, could run during the night, whereas dangerous goods should still be entrusted to road and railway transportation. Their target codes would be stored as safe interactive controls in the vehicle electronics of the driving units. Various models for the transportation of bulk goods, liquids, or perishable goods, saloon and office varieties can be realized using the basic design of the TubeWay gliding unit. A long capsule offers up to 13.5t of load capacity which corresponds to a space for 16 EU – pallets. With automatic load-grabbers, the capsules are loaded and unloaded, which makes the transport highly efficient. Companies, factories or even private persons could install personal connection tubes to enable even faster transportation.
The cheap shipment possibilities – coming with all three versions of TubeWay – would create a large demand for expansions to the TW-network, creating enough space for big loading-terminals.
The above illustration portrays the TubeWay-Sit-in-surf model with a diameter of 1,8 m, which would be appropriate for cities, and which can provide the connection to the countryside. The inner-city rout guidance takes place just above the buildings.
It would be implemented in one common system network with urban and local transportation systems. Sit-in-surf offers a high transport density (~ 70 people) thanks to the lateral access to and exit from 3seater seats, which is particularly beneficial for professional traffic.
The spiral tube pipelines are well adapted to stress caused by rough terrain or all climatic and seasonal conditions.
Because of the pipe's material, this short-circuit system does not provide a view of the outside; however, discreetly quiet music can be added to make the journey more enjoyable. 3,5 m of the interor space is dedicated to baby carriages and wheelchairs.
Our tracks are built to be appropriate for extreme temperatures and locations; and the smaller edition would only create costs of one million Euros per kilometre. The expenses for the pre-development would only be a fraction of the cots of the big tube.
The Sit-in-surf capsule could be created with a load capacity of about 6,5 t, or respectively 9 EU-pallets. In cities, a maximum speed of 75 km/h could be reached, in rural areas it should hit about 210 km/h; the big TW-IC even reaches 320 km/h. For the TW-Supply-network with 40 cm diameter, about 30 km/h should be more than sufficient. It shall be said that all these speeds are only rough estimations and should not be taken for granted, as we cannot guarantee the exact accuracy of our calculations.
The TW municipal supply network
A diameter of 40 cm permits a speed of about 35 km/h. For each capsule which is 65 cm long, 15 kilos are allowed on the conveyor belt.
This urban supply and disposal network would function within our metropolitan areas - e.g. it would be a great benefit for such services as delivering ordered purchases, official forms, food, mail and parcels as well as garbage disposal. Companies as well as individuals could be connected to the 40 cm network as volunteers – as is the case with district heating. It would come right into the building's basement (upon request also to the client's floor) and offers purpose-determined capsules.
As it would calm down general traffic, urban traffic areas could once again become usable and peaceful living and recreation spaces.
I would kindly ask you to consider all this data as an estimate. In this context it is not possible for me to confirm the reliability of this data.
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Business aspects of the TubeWay solar systems®
The TubeWay system could provide massive economic stimulus. As a new approach to mobility, it demands intense preparatory work and an exact realization, but once established, it offers a wide range of efficient and cheap logistic solutions with low maintenance costs.
It creates a win-win & ecowin situation for customers, operators & our environment. The establishment and operation of the innovative TW structure is expected to provide investors with sustainably safe and ecologically relevant capital.
The TubeWay system can significantly enliven key segments of our market and work environment.
Market orientation generally follows the respective improved technology. This is also the result of the increased profit distribution.
We would like the TW approach to bring communal planning and corresponding consortia to the table.
We want our approach to connect communal planning and interested consortia. The research programs of the EU and regional authorities could – instead of paying high emission fees – invest in the developement of TubeWay with their F+E programs.
We need coordinators for state business guidelines, raising funds and financial support ware wanted now! The competences of communities, environmental groups, media, investment, infrastructure planning offices and manufacturers hold a decisive potential.
TubeWay is an important complement, connection and relief for existing traffic and simultaneously solves many problems.
Oil crises and rising energy costs do not affect this system. On the contrary: these problems may indirectly allow it to thrive!
The TubeWay is meant to be an alternative to expensive extensions and repairs of existing traffic connections that are dependent on fossil resources. It is a soultion to various problems and may even profit from oil price shocks.
We assume that the extension of TubeWay routes costs about 40% less then with the conventional railway lines. As the solar energy used for the mechanism is cheap, ticket and transportation of goods could be offered at lower prices.
Taking feasibility, cost/benefit ratio, general acceptance and environment compatibility into consideration. TubeWay is the traffic solution with the best perspectives for economic growth, using sustainable ways to deal with resources and the environment.
Starting a TubeWay test route should be an investment that show great foresightness which is essential for the development of such a high-priced system.
It now only needs the appropriate consortium with sufficient resources and affinity for people as well as politics.
Not a single drop of burned fuel can be turned back into usable oil! For this reason, its import volumes and costs are pushing us Europeans into an economic backdrop. However, the sun shines for free, so let's use it for eco-friendly traffic management!
The usual objections of land owners is also no issue for the implementation of TubeWay. No property has to be divided and no agricultural area is lost. Our clean transport system glides on high track, is emission-free and does not affect the landscape.
Today, the demand for alternative sources of energy is growing steadily. These economic branches bring new jobs, more energy diversity , social security as well as cash flow.
In the legal form, e.g. it is conceivable that the TW-pipeline network is national in nature-, the solar energy-management as an Stock company- and the sliding-units as a co-operative matter. Thus several mixing molds are possible.
It is not unlikely that the EU as well as the industrial and the banking world will agree to implement TubeWay in a concerted alliance.
Market – Competitors – Strategy
Our system is potentially advantageous of all customers and all transport sectors. It is suitable for conurbations, alpine transit, prestige-routes, freight lines and much more. The tracks of TubeWay can be built completely unobstructed by the land and roads below. All these various possibilities, combined with cheap costs and consumer identification, create an intelligent, connection-friendly and ecological form of transportation.
If the development goes according to plan, TW could be realised on about six to eight years! Planned properly, already a prototype could establish itself as a cost-effective form of transportation.
TubeWay could also offer numerous possibilities of personal utilization and individually designed furniture. The demand for office, laboratory, or salon varieties would open totally new product lines. private connection-tubes and personal cabins could be created: with TubeWay garages offering parking space for the capsules, which are standing by to enter the network at the push of a button.
° Eco-marketing benefits: Fuel-free and resource-natural
° High consumer acceptance – support from ecological activists – little resistance from landholders
° Reduction of costs in comparison to traditional traffic
° Low investing costs – fast amortization
° Low operation and maintenance costs
° High prestige – high gains
° Reliability, punctuality and high safety standards
Comparison with the current state of technology
An overview of alternative and innovative forms of mobility and drive technology can be found in the links:
>> http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/photoindex1.htm and at www.buch-der-synergy.de << you will find a collection of projects (some of them already realised) on alternative traffic means or drive mechanismus from all over the world. TubeWay can be found in both as well.
Finding alternatives appropriate for both humans and nature lies at the core of many lively discussions required for the stilts. TubeWay would be a decision towards the necessary environmental protection and towards increased comfort at the same time.
Technical data and cost estimates are not guaranteed in this study.
Implementation – Economic viability – Investment
The capacity of a TubeWay two-direction route i equivalent to a four-lane highway. At the tempo of e.g. 260 km/h, one driving unit moves 110.000 m³ of air within five minutes and transports up to 2000 passengers or 190t of freight.
Roughly calculated, the TubeWay track will cost about 3.5 million Euro per kilometre. The construction of a highway, in comparison, costs about 7.5 million Euro per kilometre. The ecological extension of the TubeWay (at fully developed standards) could even be less expensive than railway extension.
Even pricy land purchases will belong to the past as for one kilometre of track only 150 m² of floor space are required for the stilts. TubeWay leaves the floor untouched to a maximum extent so that the area around the pillars can still be used for agriculture or animal husbandry.
With the 2-meter-wide PV film, solar power can be obtained in amounts well above the current demand. At night, a more favorable trade flow is taken from the electricity grid, which we have already sufficiently paid for, even on partly cloudy winter days.
Technical realisations are developed quite fast nowadays: two dozens of expert teams plus one dozen of core area firms should be affordable for the financiers.
The purchase price of a TubeWay gliding unit would be much lower than that of a comparable vehicle. Cars have an average energy efficiency performance of 33% whereas an electric motor can provide up to 95%. Air friction resistance versus air use as a medium in a continuously fast and weather-protected tube give the ripple for TW as >> the traffic of the future.
Public funds and share capital should work together to form a solid base to cover communal demands on the one hand and involve economic interests on the other. Also EU funding programs for the reduction of emissions could consider TubeWay as an option worth supporting. Once this system is established, it should be independent from public allocations due to its profitability.
When using pedestals, a track can be removed without a trace very much like "a roller coaster".
Fields of application: The start could be done with a relatively low starting capital, for example, a connection route from a city to an airport. Linking roads between factories, alpine tracks, sightseeing tours, etc. are other fields where the TW-system could be tested and optimised without taking great risks. The Sit-in-surf network provides a short-range supply as well as passenger traffic during the day and rests overnight - approximately from 11PM to 5AM.
Influences/ Positive side effects
Air pollution levels, petroleum imports, noise and road accidents will go down. The new network creates new jobs, new personal groups and industry contracts which means upswing and stimulation also for small and medium size enterprises. Apart from the subsidies from F+E, the government or other sources, TubeWay will be financially advantageous for the national budget.
Urban living spaces will be freed ground traffic through the use of elevated tracks, which leads to new possibilities in the structuring of cities.
A switch to underground- or ground-traffic (like with motorways and underground railways) should never be needed with TubeWay.
Ecological aspects/ Urgency
The energy needed for the operation of TubeWay is either created by its own photovoltaic system or provided by a central power plant. Both options are in accordance with the principles of sustainability and conservation of resources. Hydrogen fuel cell cars and magnetic-levitation trains are neither really ecological nor a suitable solution to our climate and transport problems. Even the new „bio-fuel“ for car engines is – like feeding corn to animals – unethical and only amplifies hunger all over the world.
Even Elon Musk's hyperloop does not provide a broad-based general solution for our future need for general mobility.
Through the excessive use of the limited fossil fuel, the health of our atmosphere and the world peace are threatened. However with the help of TubeWay preserving this precious resource would become possible!
TubeWay is not meant to displace the common means of transportation. However, from an ecological point of view, public transport (train, tram, bus and TubeWay) has to be expanded and made avialable to the public at lower costs. Rising energy and transport costs force us to come up with more efficient alternatives.
We need new „bio-ethical“ and technical ideas together with responsible, determined actions to solve the future problems of our society.
Areas that enforce a realisation of TubeWay will be rewarded with significant advantages: For example, the dependency on gas, wood, petroleum, coal or nuclear energy is reduced essentially.
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A letter reference from the city administration of Vienna:
What have you achieved so far? Wien, 14.02.2013
Dear Mr Thalhammer,
Your TubeWay seems to be a modern, sustainable, ecological and thus future-oriented mobility solution. “TubeWay Solar” could enable new urban development/expansion areas to be connected to the existing transport network without the need to compete with the currently available public transport systems or create demand-driven cross connections in particularly sensitive zones.
In the case of a positive result, the implementation would be quite realistic, yet to gain practical experience we would start with the length of a test track. As Austria is known worldwide for its technical innovations, we see good opportunities for your implementation, especially in times of energy price uncertainty.
In this context, we would like to draw your attention to the Förderbank (AWS) as well as EU funding programs, which in your case could provide financial support for all necessary studies.
We wish you success in the implementation of your already realistic mobility concept.
Viennese Environmental Protection Department - MA 22
Area: Traffic, noise and geodata
A 1200 Vienna, Dresdner Straße 45
Inventor, author and domain operator for TubeWay
I am 65 years old, catholic, happily married and a father of three children. Previously, I worked professionally with handicapped people, but also did various technical jobs. My wife and I have been interested in ecological and future technologies for many years.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel.: +43 1 9195724 www.tubewaysolar.at
I am available for any kind of cooperation concerning further development. I look forward to your feedback. Thank you for your interest - please share this link.
© 2002 Script and Innovation - Michael Thalhammer - Last update in October 2016 -Vienna