Thermo Module housing - on example of a refugees camp

On this page, you are seeing a construction project, which focusses on lasting values. This project, this house could be a perfect solution for human crises. For example: Refugees could be given shelter in a cheap but sustainable way.
This  technical approach  provides buldings, which can be produced very quickly. In addition to that, these buldings can be used for decades!
To sum  this up: This Thermo Module house gives room for up to eight people. It is weather resistant, very friendly to our environment and all this for a total cost of approximately 10,000.- Euro!
In blocks up to 48 people per unit can find housing.
That amount, set in relation with the current way of giving refugees shelter is needed to house eight people for three months.

Who  needs this construction ?
 
A military and federal care needs - in order to satisfy the international legal order of hosting a big number of refugees - structural alternatives to expensive accommodations.
This Thermo Module houses could be delivered as module-stacks via trucks. This would be a great way, NGO's like  UNHCR, ICRC, Caritas, etc. could react very quickly if needed.
Under certain circumstances, up to six in one another-stacked  houses could be delivered per helicopters. In addition to that, the constructional approach is well suited to rapid reconstruction after  for example war consequences.The same applies for natural desasters like earthquakes.
 
 Prices
compared 

... with two habitable containers, each 21 m², one of it including shower and toilet, with a manufacturer  price of
~ 25.000 Euros, this concept shouldt have clear cost advantage. These modules are more mobile in the transport and storage issue. The rooms offer more usable living space and comfort at lower heating costs.
Container solutions have in addition to the difficult translatability often the character of barracks or like clumsy temporaries.
                                                                                                                                                                       .
Lightweight and precast instead of massive construction method
 
The Thermo-Module solution shown here can be good prefabricated in
plumber or roofing companies. Outer wall side, 0.8 mm thick aluminum sheets inside and 0.5 mm thick galvanized sheets (or wooden) can be manufactured there for sandwich panels - and together with its insulation windows - framed in elastomeric sealing.
Such insulated units are built to visually discreet thermal buildings which score well in terms of a desirable noise shielding.
How is insulated here?
 
For an
only 16 cm thick slim wall with good insulation is the solution here in the layer structure: between two aluminum-foiled sheets four (each 4cm thick) mineral clamping felt mats be installed in alternation with three layers of corrugated cardboard. Thereby clearly limited air convection fields are formed. The four mats result against an equally strong singular mat a substantial advantage: would only be one - 16cm thick - mat installed between the sheets, would unrestrained airflow and undesirable heat transfer occur.
 
What makes the module to a sustainable thermal wall?
 
Thease are the plug woods: between both sheets and the four insulation mats, a statically calculated number of standing timber is further obstruct. With 16 cm thick timbered storied bearing wall modules should already be preparable.
Over an average stairway, which combines two houses, are one or two levels reachable. Pro building complex  a residential accommodation
for 32 to 48 persons can be created. If necessary, singlerooms are available by partitions.
                                                                                  
How does it come from underground to wall construction  up to the building?
 
Here
an example of an 8 persons room:
The flood-proof plane building ground is covered with 9.20 x 8.55 m pond liner. On the edge of this a 1 m wide and 15 cm thick styrofoam framing is placed.
First of all the underground of the 1m
styrofoam framing is previously to plane towards the outer edge in rain laxative
3 ° slope. The styrofoam frame is then covered with waxed, 4 mm thick fiberboard. These plates are covered with a 25 cm beyond the edge wide PVC tarpaulin. The outer frame is thus accessible.
The so covered construction area remains dry and frost-free and makes the constant rising geothermal 9 ° C usable.
The inner open space gets a 4 x 17 cm
wooden substructure * as a base for four shipdeck fields moved on.
On the inner edge of the
Styrofoam frame prefabricated modules (see next section) with two (1 m x 6.54 m, and two in 1 x 7.19 m) are placed in square. Thereon placed come the 1.5 m high windows sheltering modules   - in appropriate lengths. (This ground cover is good especially in cold climate).
To fulfill a building code requirement is possibly a screw sub-construct-frames made of wood or metal used (instead of the previously described surface preparation). This then carries the ground and the superstructure, and niveliert without ground engaging.

To module production:
The static load-bearing interior skeleton consists of 16 x 3.5 cm thick wood stayers, which rise up in cheek to cheek distance of 61.5 cm. Furthermore, the stayers are bordered on both ends by 5 x 16 cm thick and correspondingly long cross timbers, and each connected to glue dowels.
In between field structure both wall panels are covered with aluminum foil. They reflect a deeper penetration of radiant heat. Between four layers clamping felt mat (a' 4 cm x 62.5 cm) is ever a corrugated cardboard in accurately fitting embedding. The cardboards (2 mm x 61,2 cm) prevent - as spatial barriers of four module levels - one each internal convection thermal transmission.

For sealing of the modules:
The wooden skeletons are covered like a sandwich with aluminum or galvanized sheed.
Before the modules are added distributed portioned zeolite globule - for binding kondensing moist.
Sheets and wooden skeletons are then  elastomer at the edges glued 3 cm wide.
In addition, roofing felt nails contribute to a solid connection.
In addition, joints and open borders are sticked with metal strips or angle profile sheets with silicone.
At the end each thermo-module is therefore a compressive load stable and windproof unit.
                                                                                                                     .
For the building creating fit flush...
So that the silicone is not displaced, a several number of wooden sticks (5x5x160mm) is interposed.
The inclined by 3 ° flat roof should be at least 30 cm thick. The weather side 1.5 mm thick aluminum sheet may - in  absence of regional power grid - also
covered with CIGIS PV roof foil, for example from Alwitra, Evalon-solar®.
The harvested on the demand energy could flow in deep cycle solar batteries. This e-network freedom would - together with a corresponding battery, controller and 12 volt consumers - cost about 2.300.- Euro more.
The first bare metal sheets are coated with inner and outer dispersion in calm tones.
                                                                                                                                                                           .
What else does it need ...
 
Sixteen pieces 61 cm wide x 100 cm high, frameless thermal windows give a well distributed daylight.
Because of interval automatic ventilation * the windows can not be opened; a framing would mean 70% of unnecessary additional costs. However, three glass panes with slices of U-value 0.7 - at the price of about 100 €/ m² - pay for itself in a short time!
Double decor textile with alu foiled inlet, which is attachable inside or externally by snaps, supports the radiation thermal regulation during cold winter nights and hot summer days.
Because it has inside only 45 m² living space, there are
bunk beds for the kids. The 160cm bed for the parents and possibly for the grandparents would be folded up during the day. Simple folding walls or paravents create privacy.
A round around regal up to 2 m high makes bulky cabinets unnecessary.
In a black tube collector hot water could be prepared and stored in a rooftop tank. The collector may possibly - as well as the kitchen and the shower - receive
water  by the local drinking supply. A solar hot water preparation pays off in any case already in the short term.
                                                                                           
 
... and practically would ...
 
The double wing door (65-65x190x12 cm) is construted like
the wall insulation. To one of the wings there is added a self-closing flyscreen door.
In cloudy weather heating and cooking could possibly done with gas.  With sunshine there could be cooked in front of the house with a high-performance solar cooker, for example from sun-and-ice®. This solar cooker also allows a hot water heater into the living space inside.
A simple sun- and rain-textile roof on the doorstep additionally offers about 20 sqm further space as well as children's play room.
A small vegetable garden provides also security and sense of home. One building plot should have at least 200 sqm.

The waste water feed optionally a biologically cleaned gravel / plants -clarifiers. There, the outside toilet was well placed.
The roof drainage could be - in regional high rainfall - collected and used as process water.
For storm-grip two anchors per outer corner are sunk ***. The Faraday's design together with the ground anchorage eliminates a lightning protection system.
It should possibly be adapted to regional
extreme climate and, for  example with frequent floods or in mountain snow layers, are built on stilts.
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What is the benefit here?
                                                                                                                                                                           .
+
Low cost, short construction period, settle suitability and its small footprint speak for the use of this construction.
+ For the corrugated cardboard layers also old cardboard boxes can be used.
+ The 8 wall-, 5 roof- and 4 floor components can be transferred
in just one truck load. By using roof silicone grouting  they are elsewhere again accesible in the same way.
+ A multistorey building may probably
survive  an average earthquake without prejudice.
The nonflammable wall construction and termite resistant provides high residential safety.
+ As U-value-sized low-energy house  funds from special construction costs promotion may be available.
+ The garden-house can be established by the manufacturer without a builder.
+ In this lightweight category, with only 16 cm wall thickness, a relatively good U-value should be reached.
A prototype should be created for more accurate measurements.
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The material list:  an overview, what this low-rise building includes.
(With current prices on the German market).                                                                                                                                                                   .
8 / steel anchor Ø 12mm, 100 cm long, ca ... ... ....................................................................... € 30.-
78 m² pond foil + 3erKies + grit f. Clarifier ........................................ ..................................... 310.-
32 m² Styrofoam 15cm, 220 m² aluminum foil .... .... ............................................................... 260.-
47 m² PVC circulation covering + 32 m² RF boards ................................................................. 290.-
68 lm baton 17x4 cm, 245 running meters 3,5x16 cm, 108 lm 16x5 cm .................................. 720.-
45 m² wooden-bottom 19 mm……..............……………....……………..…………….............630.-
380 m² example Isover acoustic TF Twin, 8 cm ..................................................................... 1.160.-
220 m², rail or sheet steel in aluminum .......... ........................ .. .... ............ .......................... 1.630.-
32 / + silicone elastomers, 12 / valves, 6 liters zeolite beads...................................................... 230.-
PVC ripp hose Ø 6cm + Ø 10cm, per 8 lm + 1 fan + sensor circuit .......................................... 210.-
16 / insulation windows, 63x100cm ..................................... ... .. ............................................. 950.-
16 / Curtains 70x110 cm..................................................................................…...….................130.-
20 m blak garden-hose + solar tank, Awning ............................................. .............................. 160.-
1 solar cooker + 32 linear meters copper pipe Ø 6 mm f. Heating ............................................ 410.-
Gas cooker, shower tray, outhouse, hot water pump .................................................................. 400.-
PV foil awning + controller + .................................................................................................. 1.610.- optional
PV battery + 12V lights, 1 / kl. Ice box + Camping TV ............................................................. 640.- optional

Material-total: 10.000, - €. Without PV system about 2.250.- € less; excl. AC power connection about 7.750.- Euro.
With the cost of work performance (about 2.750 Euro for a plumber and two helpers in three days prefabrication and one day for for the construction) is a total price of 10.280 Euro including VAT.
A mobiliare equipment is not listed here. Also a possible lease of land as well as electricity and water supply costs are not included in this calculation.

Dimensions: 6.54 x 6.87 x 2.50
m internal  / exterior 6.86 x 7.19 x 2.8 m; inside surface 44,8 m² - outside 49.1 m²; circumference 27.2 m; windows face a total of  9.6 sqm.
The five roof and eight wall modules and the four floor parts,
each weights about 80 kg.
The building total weight is about 1.4 tons.
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In principle, all States should create their own-produced quota at this or a similar type family, Scoolroom- and hospital accommodation. For this purpose, some countries need to be helped with concrete development aid by the international community.
Even should sensitive objects get, like some refugee shelters, a technical and / or permanent personnel monitoring as residents protection against their radical opponents!
The human dignity and right of residential must remain protected!
A reconstruction after earthquakes or war damage can eventually so be successfully carried out in a rapid and affordable manner ....
                                                                                                          
= = = = = = = = = = .                                                                                                                                                                .
* A comfortable climate means of heat exchangers for just 210 Euro?
We place a heat-exchanging "Tubeway" - under ground snake between the floor scales. It consists of interlocking guided PVC ribs hoses: one for the co nsumed heat with 6 cm Ø and one for the preheated and fresh supply air to 10 cm Ø. Away from the building there is a
box sunken in the floor. Therein is  a sucking E-Ventilator connected with the smaller tube. The back flow of fresh warmed air is carried out through the larger tube in pneumatically automatic way.
At intervals the fan moves the exhaust from the living room outside. The fan is easily to regulate by a sensor circuit. This is done in great efficiency because two different temperature airstreams assimilate each other over an approximately 8 m distance. In this way, a healthy and comfortable living environment is ensured.
A frequent, manual and energetically expensive room ventilation is therefore unnecessary.
Even in hot climates the air exchange in the soil cools better than open doors. In winter the exhaust even supplies the toilet.
** A variant of free storage or delivery in large quantities, is following: all prefabricated buildings,
stacked similar to Russian babushkas, to deliver by load helicopter. So are also in locally inaccessible emergencies until about 6 buildings quickly ready.
*** In case of floods the building would be loosely to leashed on the ground anchors.

In Button> Bike <learn new approaches for mobility & transport, which can be implemented also in emerging countries.                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I'm always interested on experiences with my projects and  look forward to your feedback: Tel +43 1 9195724.
Please convey this project approach through recommending, link exchange of my side www.tubewaysolar.at and by promoting to regional standardized mass production
- thank you !                                                                                                                                                              ,
                                                                                                                                                                         ,
 © by Michael Thalhammer, Graz, on 1.10.2008 - - - - Updated Vienna, in February 2016

 

You and every Company can these approaches  expand to an product line of its trademark. No patents - no strict conditions. 

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Sie und jede Firma können diese Ansätze zu einer Produktlinie Ihrer Marke ausbauen. Keine Patente, keine strikten Bedingungen.

Zuwendungen aus Gewinnerlösen nehme ich gerne an.

           

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e-mail: 

thalhammerm@yahoo.de  

http://www.tubewaysolar.at/

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